ECOMOG in Liberia and Sierra Leone reminiscences of major Nigerian Army actors

Cover of: ECOMOG in Liberia and Sierra Leone |

Published by Vantage Publishers in Ibadan .

Written in English

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  • Nigeria. -- Nigerian Army -- Interviews,
  • Nigeria -- Armed Forces -- Liberia,
  • Nigeria -- Armed Forces -- Sierra Leone,
  • Liberia -- History -- Civil War, 1989- -- Personal narratives, Nigerian,
  • Sierra Leone -- History -- Civil War, 1991-2002. -- Personal narratives, Nigerian

Edition Notes

Book details

Other titlesReminiscences of major Nigerian Army actors
Statementedited by S.K. Oni.
GenrePersonal narratives, Nigerian.
ContributionsOni, S. K.
LC ClassificationsMLCS 2006/40578 (U)
The Physical Object
Paginationxix, 320 p. :
Number of Pages320
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16742625M
ISBN 109788000290, 9788000304
LC Control Number2006406018

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This book is a good overview at West Africa's attempts to police itself and solve its own problems. It covers the three ECOMOG deployments to Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea-Bissau (this was written before the as of now potential ECOMOG deployment to Cote d'Ivoire) as well as adding several chapters which analyze all three of the deployments and how they succeded or failed in their Cited by: The ECOMOG intervention in Liberia in was the first by a subregional African organization relying principally on its own personnel, money, and military ECOMOG in Liberia and Sierra Leone book and ECOMOG's intervention in Sierra Leone to restore a democratic government to power was equally unprecedented.

Add tags for "ECOMOG in Liberia and Sierra Leone: reminiscences of major Nigerian Army actors". Be the first. The lead role of ECOMOG - the ECOWAS peacekeeping force - in search of peaceful solutions to civil wars in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea Bissau and Cote d'Ivoire has yielded a mix of successes and failures.

In this book, the authors take a candid look at the role that ECOWAS has played and show how the sub-regional organisation has stabilised. In his book The ECOMOG Story (Inquirers Publishers Ltd, Lagos; ) that has Dynamics of African Politics and International Conspiracy.

tion, but their capture would deny the Sierra Leone army and ECOMOG support for their operations in eastern Sierra Leone, and in Liberia to the south and east. Possession of the base would also put the RUF in a position to capture Kenema, Sierra Leone’s third-largest city.

ECOMOG was a formal arrangement for separate armies to work together. It was largely supported by personnel and resources of the Nigerian Armed Forces, with sub-battalion strength units contributed by other ECOWAS members — Ghana, Guinea, Sierra Leone, The Gambia, Liberia, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, and others.

(Committee for Protecting Journalists in a report “Attacks on The Press Sierra Leone, detail attacks on the press by rebel forces and ECOMOG troops, and name Major Tanko in it).

While. Sierra Leone was founded, albeit under British control, with the highest hopes of being a refuge for liberated Africans and freed slaves. When the country received its independence, hopes for the future grew even stronger. English/Nat Amid fierce fighting, Nigerian-led West African peacekeepers took control of Sierra Leone's heavily fortified northern town of Makeni on Tuesday.

the operation in Liberia, Sierra Leone cost Nigeria much more heavily than would have been the case if relations with the West had been harmonious. Nigeria continued to bear over 70% of the financial cost for sustaining ECOMOG in Sierra Leone.

A BBC news source had put the cost of Nigeria’s involvement in Sierra Leone at almost 8. He hoped his book would help fill in the gap of essential teaching and learning resource materials in African military and other institutions.

He stated: “Today, Nigeria, and indeed the whole of West Africa cannot lay claim to any official documentation of ECOMOG operations in Liberia and Sierra Leone.”. The ECOMOG troops were undoubtedly faced with a terrifying enemy, but there are clear cases of the soldiers turning against the very people they swore to protect in Sierra Leone and in Liberia.

Sierra Leone gained independence from Britain in and was relatively stable until the present civil war broke out in The African ‘peace-keeping’ force Ecomog, largely made up of Nigerian troops, failed to stop the war and in the Kabbah government was overthrown by the army general Koroma with the support of the RUF.

The Sierra Leone Civil War (–) was a civil war in Sierra Leone that began on 23 March when the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), with support from the special forces of Charles Taylor’s National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL), intervened in Sierra Leone in an attempt to overthrow the Joseph Momoh government.

The resulting civil war lasted 11 years, enveloped the country. The book, ECOMOG, A sub-Regional Experience(2nd Edition), is a must-read book for every researcher in the field of Conflict, Conflict Management, Peacekeeping, and Peacebuilding.

Practitioners, policy-makers, students, and internationalists will find this book a good companion. I can only congratulate the Author and urge him on. Book Purchase. rebell ion in neighbouring Sierra Leone, a conflict that was closely related to the civil war in Liberia.

Thi s culmi nated, in Februaryin the violent overthrow by ECOMOG of the military clique that usurpe d power in Sierra Leone in the spring of As this did not lead to an end to the civil war or the rebellio n. John Kabia examines the Organisation of African Unity's capacity in protecting civilians at risk in civil conflicts and fostering the processes of peacemaking and post-war peacebuilding aimed at preventing a relapse into conflict.

By using the case of ECOWAS, he studies the challenges posed by complex political emergencies to humanitarian intervention.

Initially, ECOMOG thought the whole operations were to be finished within 6 months, but it lasted until when the mandate of ECOMOG was extended to Sierra Leone as a result of the outbreak of. English/Nat Ecomog soldiers in Sierra Leone have all but defeated troops loyal to the ousted junta leader Lt-Colonel Johnny Paul Koroma.

With dead, hundr. The leader of Sierra Leone and the Foreign Minister of the Interim Government of Liberia were also invited. 75 Africa Watch telephone interview from Washington D.C. to New York, April 7,   The Causes of the Sierra Leone Civil War: Underlying Grievances and the Role of the Revolutionary United Front ‘The root of the conflict is and remains diamonds, diamonds and diamonds.’ (Ibrahim Kamara ) ‘To the economist, this is war motivated by the young fighter, it is injustice.’ (William Renop).

Liberia and Sierra Leone are undergoing important transitions. The countries provide important case studies on how the United Nations (UN) can ensure successful transitions, not only from peacekeeping. military coup, an ECOMOG force led by Nigeria returned Ahmed. ECOMOG: THE STORY OF AN HEROIC FAILURE LANSANA GBERIE Building Peace in West Africa: Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea-Bissau, by Adekeye Adebajo.

Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., pp. $ paperback. ISBN Sierra Leone: Diamonds and the struggle for democracy, by John L. Hirsch. Like in Liberia, Nigeria also paid heavily to bring peace to Sierra Leone.

Apart from the fact that Nigeria shouldered about 70 % (about 4 billion dollars) of the cost of the ECOMOG operation, the British Foreign Secretary, Robin Cook said that about Nigerian soldiers were killed in Sierra Leone during the war.

It is well known that public opinion in Nigeria was against the continued dply of Nigerian troops as part of ECOMOG in Sierra Leone, however the Nigerian Army was interested in staying in Sierra Leone due to the massive benefits they were getting from the illegal diamond mining.

United Nations Observer Mission and ECOMOG Intervention in Liberia’s Peace Process in Sierra Leone and Liberia. London, NY: I.B. Tauris, This book examines the place of human. In the second book, he traces how ECOMOG fared in two further peacemaking efforts following its mixed record of success in Liberia.

He sees the repetition of earlier mistakes but also evidence of a learning curve that could bode well for greater stability in the region if additional international resources could be mobilized to strengthen.

The ECOMOG intervention in Liberia in was the first by a subregional African organization relying principally on its own personnel, money, and military material; and ECOMOG's   The ECOWAS Ceasefire Monitoring Group (known as ECOMOG) was created as a peacekeeping force for the civil wars in Liberia (–), Sierra Leone (–), Guinea-Bissau (–), and Cote D'Ivoire () and was disbanded at their cessation.

ECOWAS does not have a standing force; each force raised is known by the mission for. With Taylor's backing, a small band of RUF rebels, invaded eastern Sierra Leone from Liberia in March and launched a campaign to overthrow the All People's Congress Party of Sierra Leone, which had ruled the country for 24 years.

However, the study focus on ECOMOG experience in Sierra Leone. challenged as Sierra Leone, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, and Cote d‟Ivoire have all been ground for free and fair elections to be held in Liberia.

ECOMOG shall remain in Liberia, if necessary, until the successful holding of general elections and the installation of an elected government.

Essentially, ECOMOG was established as a peace -keeping force and this study will seek to know to what extent it realized this objective both in Liberia and Sierra Leone and the role of Nigeria as a leader within the sub-region.

NIGERIA AND ECOWAS: BACKGROUND INFORMATION. Liberia and Sierra Leone have common borders and interwoven civil war experiences. Rebels from the ongoing Liberian civil war ignited the – Sierra Leone war.

Combatants subsequently moved between them with ease. This chapter addresses the following questions. What factors have caused and sustained war in the two countries. Sierra Leone’s rebel leader paid an amount of 30, United States Dollars to a West African peacekeeping military officer who was based in Liberia as payment for the supply of arms and ammunition to Sierra Leonean rebels, but these arms and ammunition were never delivered by the officer, a defense witness for Charles Taylor told Special Court for Sierra Leone judges today in The.

Sierra Leone, with a greater production capacity of 8, tocarats, recorded exports to Antwerp ranging fromtocarats. Diamond production and exports from Sierra Leone and Liberia to Antwerp, (thousands of carats) Source: Adapted from Smillie, Gberie, and Hazleton, “The Heart of the Matter,” ECOMOG's failure to yield the desired results in managing the conflicts in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea Bissau has lessons it can utilise for future regional interventions in the many conflicts in the continent.

In other words, the book provides a watershed upon which the ECOMOG can evaluate itself. Subsequent to these decisions was ECOWAS' decision to deploy ECOMOG, deployed to Monrovia in late August It consisted of 4, troops from Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Sierra-Leone and Nigeria, which contributed about 70% of the force.

The ECOMOG force was initially made up of some 4, troops from Nigeria, Ghana, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Gambia. ECOMOG's role was at times controversial when it effectively became a faction itself in the war, stopping warlord Charles Taylor's forces from entering the capital.

“Since ECOMOG arrived in Liberia inthey maintained full control of the Free Port of Monrovia. So to say at this particular time that arms are being brought into the Free Port, the Navy of ECOMOG is based there,” Mr. Taylor told the Special Court for Sierra Leone.

The record of ECOMOG troops in Sierra Leone constituted an improvement over its conduct in Liberia. Nevertheless, ECOMOG troops in Sierra Leone were .All the troops that made up the ECOMOG operation drawn from Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra-Leone, Gambia and Guinea, believed that we were going to Liberia on a peace keeping operation.When Nigerian troops, who had been stationed in Sierra Leone since to help train and equip the country's army troops fighting the RUF, failed to dislodge Koroma's junta, Abacha decided to deploy the Nigerian-led ECOWAS Cease-Fire Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) troops stationed in neighboring war-torn Liberia since to reverse the coup in.

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